Students skip count or add to come to the total.
Students change one of the factors to make it an easier multiplication problem.
Students break apart factors in addends allowing them to solve smaller problems.
doubling & halving
Students double one factor while halving the other factor.
Students break factors into smaller factors to create easier problems.
Similar to partial products as students move to a more efficient way of writing their thinking.
Students work from right to left multiplying each part of each factor.